Horizontal Steam Sterilizers

How Horizontal Steam Sterilizers Grew in Last Decade

Sterilization is an important process in every laboratory. Hospitals and laboratories deal with viruses and bacteria regularly.

So they constantly need to check all the instruments or equipment they are using are completely safe and germs-free. Manually, it is not possible, so sterilizers came into existence.

A device was used to kill the germs from the medical instruments with the help of steam. Steam sterilization is inexpensive and non-toxic, and rapidly heats.

We are discussing some aspects of the Horizontal steam sterilizer manufacturers India and how this device has become the most vital part medical industry.

Why is it called Steam Sterilizer?

A sterilizer is a general term for any device that can sterilize, whereas an autoclave sterilizer is a specific device that sterilizes equipment. We often consider autoclave and Sterilizer as one thing.

There is a slight difference between both of them. Sterilizers can be of various types, but autoclaves are especially used as steam sterilizers. Steam is a prime element in Horizontal autoclave steam sterilizer.

To kill bacteria and germs, we must need a high temperature so that protein in the cell can break and coagulate. Steam is a very efficient medium for transferring heat so that it can kill microbes. Steam sterilization and autoclave are closely related to each other. In fact, they are often used interchangeably.

An autoclave is generally used in the laboratory, while Sterilizer is more commonly used in hospitals. The autoclave is a device used to kill germs and bacteria using steam heat.

How Autoclaves or Horizontal Steam Sterilization Came Into Existence?

The autoclave was founded in 1879 by Charles Chamberland, but the concept of sterilization was available in earlier times.

In initial times, doctors mostly used traditional methods for sterilization, but those methods were not that reliable and effective, so nowadays, autoclave sterilizers have become an essential part of every clinic and hospital.

Working process of Horizontal Steam Sterilizer:

We know that steam sterilizer comes in different sizes, but all kind of steam sterilizer works on the same principle. The main door of the Sterilizer is locked to form a sealed chamber, and all air within the chamber is replaced by steam.

After that, the steam is pressurized to reach the expected sterilization temperature and time before exhausting the steam and allowing the devices that are being sterilized to be removed.

The whole process happens in 3 parts:

  1. Purge Phase
  2. Sterilization Phase
  3. Exhaust phase

The main components of the horizontal steam sterilizer are:

  • Chamber
  • Control system
  • Thermostatic Trap
  • Safety valve
  • Vacuum system
  • Steam generator

Why do we need this device?

The Chamber of steam sterilizes medical or laboratory instruments by heating them above boiling point. Most clinics use small steam sterilizers similar to microwave ovens.

Hospitals use large autoclaves, also called horizontal steam sterilizers. They are used in the operating room and emergency wards.

During operation or any surgical process, doctors ensure all the instruments used in operation are germs-free to prevent any possible infection in the patient.


The bottom line is whether you are using horizontal steam sterilizers India to sterilize laboratory equipment.

Also, you must have a proper understanding of how the sterilization process works, why it is used, and how it is changing.

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