A heart attack can sometimes cause an electrical disruption that results in rapid cardiac arrest. When the heart stops pumping blood around the body, it is called cardiac arrest. We’ll go through the signs, symptoms, and causes of cardiac arrest, as well as what to do if you find yourself in this situation. Cardiac arrest is a life-threatening condition where the heart stops pumping blood throughout the body. The PCD pharma franchise Gujarat ensures you know how and where to get CPR training in the event of a cardiac arrest.
Almost any known heart disease can cause cardiac arrest. The electrical system of a sick heart usually malfunctions, resulting in cardiac arrest. An aberrant cardiac rhythm, such as ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation, is caused by this defect. Extreme slowing of the heart’s rhythm can potentially induce cardiac arrest (bradycardia). These types of irregular heartbeats can be fatal.
What is the difference between a heart attack and a sudden cardiac arrest (AV) Node?
A heart attack is not sudden cardiac arrest (myocardial infarction). A heart attack occurs when one or more coronary arteries get blocked, preventing the heart from receiving enough oxygen-rich blood. The heart is harmed when oxygen in the circulation cannot reach the heart muscle.
On the other hand, sudden cardiac arrest occurs when the heart’s electrical mechanism fails and becomes extremely erratic. Cardiac PCD pharma company gives the heart a daily checkup to catch any irregularities. In the initial few minutes, the main fear is that blood flow to the brain would be severely restricted, causing a person to lose consciousness. If emergency treatment is not started right away, death will result.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation are two emergency treatments. CPR keeps adequate oxygen in the lungs and gets it to the brain until an electric shock to the chest restores normal heart rhythm (defibrillation). Emergency personnel’s portable defibrillators or public access defibrillators (AEDs) may be able to save the person’s life.
Other causes of cardiac arrest include
1. Scarring of the heart tissue can be caused by a previous heart attack or something else. A damaged or enlarged heart, for whatever reason, is more likely to develop life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. In patients with atherosclerotic heart disease, the first six months after a heart attack are high-risk for sudden cardiac arrest.
2. Cardiomyopathy (thickened heart muscle) — Damage to the heart muscle can be caused by excessive blood pressure, heart valve dysfunction, or other factors. A damaged heart muscle can increase your risk of sudden cardiac arrest, particularly if you also have heart failure. Cardiomyopathy is a condition that affects the heart.
3. Heart drugs — Under certain circumstances, certain heart medications can produce arrhythmias, leading to abrupt cardiac arrest. (Interestingly, even at normal doses, antiarrhythmic medicines that treat arrhythmias can occasionally cause ventricular arrhythmias.) A “proarrhythmic” impact is what this is called.) Significant variations in potassium and magnesium levels in the blood (due to diuretics, for example) can potentially result in life-threatening arrhythmias and cardiac arrest.
4. Electrical abnormalities — Electrical abnormalities, such as Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome and Long QT syndrome, can cause abrupt cardiac arrest in adolescents and teenagers.
5. Blood vessel anomalies are extremely rare disorders that affect the coronary arteries and aorta. When these anomalies are present, adrenaline generated during severe physical exertion might cause abrupt cardiac arrest.
6. Recreational drug use – This can happen to otherwise healthy people.
When the heart stops, the shortage of oxygen-rich blood can result in death or irreversible brain damage within minutes. When you’re assisting an unconscious person who isn’t breathing, time is of the essence. Start Paddles to treat cardiac arrest. Do the following if you observe someone unconscious and not breathing normally:
Compress the person’s chest hard and fast, at a pace of 100 to 120 compressions per minute. Check the person’s airway and provide rescue breaths after every 30 compressions if you’ve been trained in CPR.
Continue chest compressions if you haven’t been trained. Between compressions, let the chest rise entirely. Continue doing so until a portable defibrillator or emergency personnel arrive.
If a portable defibrillator is available, use it. It will speak to you in a step-by-step manner. While the defibrillator is charging, keep compressions on your chest. When the defibrillator is charged, it will check the person’s heart rhythm and, if necessary, administer a shock. If the device recommends it, give one shock and immediately commence CPR, beginning with chest compressions and lasting about two minutes.
Check the person’s heart rhythm with the defibrillator. The defibrillator will deliver another shock if necessary. Continue this pattern until the subject regains consciousness, or emergency personnel arrives for cardiac PCD pharma.
AEDs (automated external defibrillators) can be found in various locations, including airports, casinos, and shopping malls. AEDs come with instructions on how to use them. They’re configured only to give a shock when it’s necessary.
Cardioverter-defibrillator that can be implanted (ICD)
An ICD may be implanted as a prophylactic treatment for people who have a high risk of SCD. A cardiac PCD pharma company is required to help a patient’s heartbeat normally. It identifies and corrects an irregular heart rate.
The ICD regularly monitors the heart rhythm. When it senses an abnormally fast heartbeat, it sends energy (a small but forceful shock) to the heart muscle, causing the heart to beat normally again. The ICD also keeps track of each episode’s data, which the doctor can access via a third portion of the system housed at the hospital.
Patients who have survived abrupt cardiac arrest and require continual monitoring of their heart rhythms may benefit from the ICD. It can also be used with a pacemaker to treat other abnormal cardiac rhythms.
Interventional therapy such as angioplasty (blood vessel repair) or bypass surgery may be required for patients with coronary artery disease to improve blood flow to the heart muscle and lower the risk of SCD. Other disorders, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or congenital cardiac abnormalities, may necessitate interventional therapy or surgery to rectify the issue. PCD pharma franchise Gujarat company develops electrical cardio version and catheter ablation systems that can be used to treat irregular heart rhythms.